Potatoe farming

How to get high yields on your potato farm- explained


Potato planting

After covering the various features of different varieties in Kenya and the growth stages of a potato plant, now we handle the appropriate time of planting, recommended spacing, fertilizer application and earthling-up.

Since it is costly to do drip irrigation in potatoes, Planting is done at the onset of the rains (long & short) since most production in the country is rain-fed and is done twice a year with a Seeding rate of 800 – 1,000 kg per acre.

Do you know your potato varieties well? here are the key features of common potato varieties.

A spacing of 20-30cm (intra row) and 60-90cm (inter-row) with a planting depth of 10cm is recommended. The sprouts should face upwards covered by a layer of soil.

Potatoes farming

DAP fertilizer can be used during planting at the rate of about one kilogram for 25m fullow. It’s good to note that excess use of nitrogen fertilizers encourages vegetative growth at the expense of tuber formation.

Learn the various growth stages of a potato plant

Potatoes tend to require on average about 850-1200mm rainfall during the growing period. Low or fluctuating rainfall tend to contribute to scrab, hollow heart, low dry matter and tuber set. This lowers the quality and thus low prices.

How earthling-up is done and its importance
Potatoes farming

Its recommended to ridge or earth up the rows as gradually as the potatoes grow. Start when the crop grows 15-20cm tall with weeding and repeat the same after every two weeks for three times with the final ridging done before the plant starts to bloom.

Do note earth-up when the soil is wet to avoid compaction. A Well built hill helps to control weeds, prevent greening of tubers and reduce attack by the potato tuber moth.

Health and beauty category

Reference: SHEP-PLUS

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