The greatest problem facing poultry farming in Kenya


The majority of the Kenyan population resides in rural areas characterized by low income and food insecurity. Leading to high levels of poverty. Poultry production plays a key role in contributing to a cheap source of animal proteins and cash income.

The production is pushed by increased demand for white meat and emerging niche in urban markets for quality organic products.

Kenya produces over 20 million tons of poultry meat worth over KES 3.5 Billion and 1.3 Billion eggs worth KES 9.7 Billion. However, this is declining due to the huge constraints in poultry production leaving farmers at losses.

These problems still revenge farmers despite the wide knowledge and training. They are problems which are rarely covered. Losses of millions are associated with these problems. The farmworx team is working hard to avail the best solutions farmers can use and mitigate the huge losses.

The two main constraints

Poor Quality Feeds

Poor quality feeds is the leading problem poultry farmers face in their production. Most Feeds are below standards. Good quality feeds should have all the necessary nutrients. That is proteins, energy and vitamins.

The main problem facing poultry farming in Kenya
Fugo Kienyeji layers mash from Unga. Image: Fugo

Starter poultry feeds have high crude proteins of above 18%, 14% for growers and 16% or more layers and finishers. It should have the right balance of nutrients such as calcium

However, this is not the case. Most feeds in the market have crude protein below the recommended levels. This is to lower the cost of production as protein supplements tend to be expensive. Canola, sunflower, Cotton, and soya seed cakes are the common crop protein supplements. These can also be substituted with a fish meal or omena or ochong’a.

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Due to greed, most feeds lack these key supplements despite their high cost. This means that more feeds will be required by the bird for proper production. This is an extra cost to the farmer.

Fortunately, farmers can manage to formulate their feeds that have the required nutrient content using locally available ingredients. The farmworx team has formulated formulation formulas for poultry feeds. This is to help farmers formulate cheap feeds and cut the general cost of production by over 30% Request the feeds formulation guide HERE.

Volatile Market

Though the demand is growing, the meat and eggs market is very volatile. The market prices keep changing with the levels of imports.

Poultry farming in neighbouring countries is cheaper compared to Kenya. This makes their eggs and meat cheaper and more competitive. When the imports flood the market, farmers are left desperate and have no option but to sell their produce at through away prices.

This means loss as the birds keep feeding till the last day. Read Also: How you can farm your coffee easily.

To remain in business; poultry farmers have innovated ways of hawking their eggs to consumers directly on stages and roadsides. This way at least the farmer is guaranteed his money.

Contract and credit selling has worked negatively with most farmers where sellers have failed to honour their payment. This has left most farmers counting losses. Therefore as a poultry farmer never sell your products on credit.

Also never slaughter your boiler before confirmation of payment. Regardless of how much Poultry production may be very attractive, keep it off if you don’t have a ready market.

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One response to “The greatest problem facing poultry farming in Kenya”

  1. John Gitau Avatar
    John Gitau

    Good advice from Emmah, especially avoiding selling on credit. How can farmers identify feed of low quality apart from increased consumption?

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